Grasslands, rangelands, livestock and climate resilient mitigation (Africa)
USAID’s Africa Bureau, through the Adapting Livestock Systems to Climate Change Innovation Lab, aims to better understand the impacts of improved land management practices in grasslands and rangelands in Africa, especially as related to pastoralist communities and their livestock. This study is composed of two complementary tasks: 1) develop a comprehensive assessment of the current state of the science of carbon sequestration in grasslands, especially in Africa, and 2) conduct a stocktaking of ongoing or recently completed range- and grassland management projects in Africa, with a geographic focus on the Sahel and Horn of Africa regions.
Production of the review was coordinated by Dr Eleanor Milne in conjunction with a writing team consisting of some seven scientists from Colorado State University (CSU) and key international organisations working on this topic (ICRAF, ISRIC, AGRA, FAO, and ILRI); ISRIC was involved in Task 1.
Progress and project deliverables were discussed during two workshops at CSU, Fort Collins (22-24 Apr. & 17-23 Nov., 2014). The final report for Task 1, "State of the Science", was published in August 2015; the document will help USAID to determine if “it is strategic to invest resources in sequestering carbon in grass- and rangelands” in sub-Saharan Africa.
Findings and recommendations of the project have been published in Environmental Development:
Milne E, Apotsos A, Aynekulu E, Bationo A, Batjes NH, Boone R, Conant R, Davies J, Hanan N, Hoag D, Herrick JE, Knausenberger W, Neely C,
Njoka J, Ngugi M, Parton B, Paustian K, Reid R, Said M, Shepherd K, Swift D, Thornton P and Williams S, 2016. Grazing lands in sub-saharan
Africa and their potential role in climate change mitigation: What we do and don’t know. Environmental Development, doi: 10.1016/j.envdev.2016.06.001