Reference soil Netherlands 5: Luvisol

A fine silty soil, situated in a loam pit near railway crossing at Sittard, consisting of late Pleistocene loess. The loam is being dug for brick manufacture. In the Ah and AB horizons occasional pieces of coal appear. Apart from clay cutans, there are silt coatings in Ah, AB and Bt horions. The mottles in the BC horizon are developed as horizontal laminae of 0.5-2mm thickness. (additional climatical data: xa - insolation (hrs).)
Collection date: 
May, 1971
Soil surveyor: 
Creutzberg D
Prov. of Limburg, Sittard
Climate classification: 

WRB 1998:

Cutani- Siltic Luvisol



Silti- Haplic Luvisol
Orthic Luvisol


The altitude of the soil profile relative to mean sea level, specified in meters 20 m asl
Regional landform plateau
Topography of the surrounding country undulating
Physiographic Unit in the immediate surrounding of the site loam pit on loess plateau
The slope refers to the inclination of the land immediately surrounding the site. The measured or estimated slope angle is specified to the nearest per cent 0 %
The physiographic position of the site where the profile is located flat
Form of the slope surrounding the site  
Slope Aspect of the site
Parent material: 
The main parent rock/ material over which the soil has been formed (1st entry)  
Mode of Accumulation or deposition of parent material (1st entry) eolian loess
Texture of parent material (1st entry)  
Weathering status of solid rock (1st entry) partially or moderately
Resistance against weathering (solid rock) (1st entry) high
Depth1 of lithological boundary cm
The main parent rock/ material over which the soil has been formed (2nd entry)  
Texture of parent material (2nd entry) silty
Resistance against weathering (solid rock) (2nd entry)  
Soil Depth; depth to which roots can easily penetrate throughout the year cm
Remarks on Parent Materials Weichsel loess
Hydrology and drainage: 
Depth of groundwater table cm
Groundwater Top cm
Groundwater Bottom cm
Kind of groundwater table no groundwater table observed
Top Stagnating Layer cm
Bottom Stagnating Layer cm
Estimated permeablity (class) of least permeable part of the profile  
Drainage Class well
To Drainage Class  
Moisture conditions of the profile: dry from -to cm
Moisture conditions of the profile: moist from -to cm
Wet From - To cm
Land use: 
Current land use at the site non-agricultural land
Major crops crops (unspecified)
Main type of irrigation  
Rotation scheme  
Vegetation Type;The natural vegetation at the site  
Status of vegetation
Soil erosion type (1st entry)    
Occurrence of soil aggradation    
Slope Stability    
Surface characteristics: 
Microrelief type: small-scale differences in relief in the direct vicinity of the site  
Microrelief Height  
Rockiness none
Stoniness none
Average size of stones  
Shape of stones (on average)  
Slaking of aggregates by tillage, rainfall or frost  
Evidence of salt non-saline
Evidence of alkali non-alkaline