Reference soil India 9: Ferric Lixisol

Code: 
IN009
Latitude: 
13.10
Longitude: 
77.78
Description: 
A deep, well drained reddish brown to yellowish red clay loam with a sandy loam topsoil and increasing iron concretions with depth. The soil is situated in a gently sloping upland (gradient 1-2%). Natural vegetation consists of Hariyali grass (Cynodon dactylon), Pongamea glabra and Lantana camera.
Collection date: 
October, 1972
Soil surveyor: 
Unknown
Location: 
Mysore State, Bangalore District, along Hoskote-Devanahalli road
Climate classification: 
Aw
Classification: 

FAO-UNESCO-ISRIC 1988:

FAO-UNESCO 1974:

Pachi- Ferric Lixisol
Ferric Luvisol
0-0 cm argic B horizon  
0-0 cm ochric A horizon  
ferric properties  
0-0 cm argillic B horizon  
0-0 cm ochric A horizon  
ferric properties  

 

Physiography: 
The altitude of the soil profile relative to mean sea level, specified in meters 1000 m asl
Regional landform pediplain
Topography of the surrounding country undulating
Physiographic Unit in the immediate surrounding of the site gently sloping upland
The slope refers to the inclination of the land immediately surrounding the site. The measured or estimated slope angle is specified to the nearest per cent 1 %
Parent material: 
The main parent rock/ material over which the soil has been formed (1st entry) lateritic material
Mode of Accumulation or deposition of parent material (1st entry) residual material
Soil Depth; depth to which roots can easily penetrate throughout the year 150 cm
Remarks on Parent Materials granite gneiss
Hydrology and drainage: 
Kind of groundwater table no groundwater table observed
Runoff medium
Flooding frequency never
Estimated permeablity (class) of least permeable part of the profile moderate
Drainage Class well
To Drainage Class  
Moisture conditions of the profile: moist from -to 0-150 cm
Land use: 
Current land use at the site arable farming
Major crops cereals (unspecified)
Remarks on Land Use / Vegetation Finger millet,sorghum,niger,mung beans
Erosion: 
Intensity of the soil erosion type (1st entry) slight
Intensity of the soil erosion type (2nd entry) harmless
Occurrence of soil aggradation not apparent
Surface characteristics: 
Microrelief Pattern none
Rockiness none
Stoniness none
Cracks no cracks observed
Evidence of salt non-saline
Evidence of alkali non-alkaline