Reference soil Greece 3: Chromic Luvisol

Collection date: 
December, 1970
Soil surveyor: 
Koroxenides N
28km S of Thessaloniki, 300m SW Kerassia
Climate classification: 



Orthi- Chromic Luvisol
Chromic Luvisol
0-0 cm argic B horizon  
0-0 cm ochric A horizon  
0-0 cm argillic B horizon  
0-0 cm ochric A horizon  
The altitude of the soil profile relative to mean sea level, specified in meters 50 m asl
Regional landform low hill
Topography of the surrounding country  
Physiographic Unit in the immediate surrounding of the site dissected terrace remnant
The slope refers to the inclination of the land immediately surrounding the site. The measured or estimated slope angle is specified to the nearest per cent 3 %
The physiographic position of the site where the profile is located  
Form of the slope surrounding the site  
Slope Aspect of the site south-east
Parent material: 
The main parent rock/ material over which the soil has been formed (1st entry) calcareous
Mode of Accumulation or deposition of parent material (1st entry) fluvial
Texture of parent material (1st entry)  
Depth1 of lithological boundary cm
The main parent rock/ material over which the soil has been formed (2nd entry)  
Resistance against weathering (solid rock) (2nd entry)  
Soil Depth; depth to which roots can easily penetrate throughout the year  
Hydrology and drainage: 
Depth of groundwater table cm
Groundwater Top cm
Groundwater Bottom cm
Kind of groundwater table no groundwater table observed
Top Stagnating Layer cm
Bottom Stagnating Layer cm
Runoff medium
Flooding frequency never
Estimated permeablity (class) of least permeable part of the profile  
Drainage Class well
To Drainage Class  
Moisture conditions of the profile: dry from -to 0-210 cm
Moisture conditions of the profile: moist from -to cm
Wet From - To cm
Land use: 
Current land use at the site arable farming
Major crops grapes
Main type of irrigation  
Rotation scheme  
Vegetation Type;The natural vegetation at the site  
Status of vegetation
Soil erosion type (1st entry)  
Intensity of the soil erosion type (1st entry) slight
Occurrence of soil aggradation absent
Slope Stability stable
Surface characteristics: 
Microrelief type: small-scale differences in relief in the direct vicinity of the site  
Microrelief Pattern none
Microrelief Height 0
Rockiness none
Stoniness none
Average size of stones  
Shape of stones (on average)  
Cracks no cracks observed
Slaking of aggregates by tillage, rainfall or frost no surface slaking/crusting observed
Evidence of salt non-saline
Evidence of alkali non-alkaline